Glaucoma Symptoms, Diagnosis, and Treatment


What is Glaucoma?

Glaucoma is a disease where the pressure inside the eye rises to levels that damage the optic nerve in the back of the eye, causing a slow loss of peripheral vision. What makes glaucoma so dangerous is that it has no symptoms. Patients cannot feel when the pressure in the eye is increased. In addition, the peripheral vision loss occurs so slowly that, again, it is not noticed by patients.

Open Angle Glaucoma

The pressure in the eye caused by a production of aqueous fluid behind the lens of the eye. This aqueous fluid then flows around the lens and drains out of the eye through an area called the angle. The angle is where the cornea and iris meet inside the eye. If a glaucoma patient has an open angle, the glaucoma is treated with either eye drops or laser. Again, open angle glaucoma has no symptoms. It can only be diagnosed by an eye doctor.

An extremely red, irritated eye.

Narrow Angle Glaucoma

The pressure in the eye caused by a production of aqueous fluid behind the lens of the eye.  This aqueous fluid then flows around the lens and drains out of the eye through an area called the angle. The angle is where the cornea and iris meet inside the eye.  If a glaucoma patient has a narrow angle then aqueous cannot reach the drainage port and pressure increases dramatically causing severe redness, pain and blurred vision. This condition is treated by laser.


A beautiful blue eye with a target-like red graphic in front of it.

Glaucoma Treatment

Open angle glaucoma can be treated with either eye drops or laser. Both methods of treatment work equally well. Studies have shown that, in most patients, cost and patient compliance are better with laser treatment than with eye drops. Narrow angle glaucoma is always treated with laser. Laser treatment normally takes about a minute and does not hurt.

A woman examining an elderly woman's eyes

Why AAPECS Eye Care?

1. 1ST In-office laser for treatment of open angle glaucoma.
2. 1st In-office laser for treatment of narrow angle glaucoma.
3. Advanced OCT optic nerve analysis.
4. Advanced peripheral vision testing.
5. Advanced SLT laser treatments performed in the office.
6. Dr. Frenkel trained with one of the country’s leading glaucoma specialists.


Several question marks on a red background.

Common Questions

“How do I know if I have glaucoma?”
The simple answer is that you don’t. Glaucoma has no symptoms. It must be diagnosed in an eye doctor’s office.

“If I am diagnosed with glaucoma, will I go blind?"
Glaucoma is actually quite easy to treat, either with eye drops or laser.


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